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New Mexico Facts

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New Mexico Location In The US New Mexico State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of New Mexico. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:



Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation NM
State Capital Santa Fe
State Size Total (Land + Water): 121,589 sq miles; Land Only: 121,356 sq miles
Number of Counties 33
Time Zone Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah
Highest Point Wheeler Peak, 13,167 feet
National Parks Carlsbad Caverns National Park
State Population (2015) 2,085,109
State Population Density 17.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 505, 575, 957
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Albuquerque (545,852) 
Las Cruces (97,618) 
Rio Rancho (87,521) 
Santa Fe (67,947) 
Roswell (48,366)

Government & Legislature

Statehood January 6, 1912
Electoral Votes 5
State Flag New Mexico State Flag
Governor Official New Mexico Governor Website
U. S. Senators List of U. S. Senators From New Mexico
U. S. Representatives List of U. S. Representatives From New Mexico
State Senators List of New Mexico State Senators
State Representatives List of New Mexico State Representatives
State Government Official Site
State Constitution New Mexico State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Date December 19, 2013
Road Conditions New Mexico Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date April 7, 2008

State Symbols

State Aircraft Hot air balloon
State Amphibian New Mexico spadefoot toad
State Animal New Mexico black bear
State Bird Roadrunner
State Butterfly Sandia hairstreak
State Cookie Bizcochito
State Cowboy Song "Under the New Mexico Skies"
State Fish New Mexico cutthroat trout
State Flower Yucca
State Folklorist Claude Stephenson
State Fossil Coelophysis
State Gem Turquoise
State Grass Blue grama grass
State Guitar New Mexico sunrise
State Insect Tarantula hawk wasp
State Mammal Smokey bear
State Motto Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)
State Necklace Squash blossom necklace
State Nickname Land of Enchantment
State Poem "A Nuevo Mexico"
State Question "Red or green?"
State Reptile New Mexico whiptail lizard
State Tie Bolo tie
State Train Cumbres & Toltec Railroad
State Tree Pinon pine
State Vegetable Chile and frijoles

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams None
NCAA Division I Schools University of New Mexico (Mountain West) 
New Mexico State University (WAC)

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In New Mexico

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Paul Modrich (Chemistry, 2015)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Tommy McDonald (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1998)
  • Ronnie Lott (Cornerback, Safety. Inducted in 2000)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Ralph Kiner (Left Fielder. Inducted in 1975)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Anna Gunn
  • Neil Patrick Harris
  • Demi Moore

Famous Singers

  • John Denver
  • Al Hurricane
  • Demi Lovato

New Mexico Fun Facts

  • New Mexico was named by the Spanish for lands north of the Rio Grande (Nuevo Mexico). The word Mexico is named after Mexitli, an Aztec war god. Mexico means 'place where Mexitli lives."
  • At 7,198 feet above sea level, Santa Fe is the highest capital city in the United States.
  • New Mexico has the largest Hispanic population of all the states. As of 2010, about 46.3% of the state's population are Hispanics.
  • Micro-Soft was founded on April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The company moved to Bellevue, Washington, in 1979 since it was hard to recruit top programmers to Albuquerque.
  • The nine-day Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta held each October is the largest balloon convention in the world. 
  • New Mexico's the only state with an official question: "Red or green?"
  • Founded in 1610, Santa Fe, New Mexico is the oldest capital city in the United States.
  • The world's first detonation of a nuclear weapon took place on July 16, 1945, in the Jornada del Muerto desert about 35 miles southeast of Socorro, New Mexico. 
  • New Mexico is one of the states that form the Four Corners, the only location in the United States where four states intersect at one point. The other three states are Arizona, Colorado, and Utah.
  • New Mexico is the only state in the United States where lawmakers don't receive salaries. New Mexico's lawmakers do enjoy a generous pension plan.

This page was last updated on October 01, 2017.

Return to List of 50 States


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