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North Carolina Facts

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North Carolina Location In The US North Carolina State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of North Carolina. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:



Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation NC
State Capital Raleigh
State Size Total (Land + Water): 53,819 sq miles; Land Only: 48,711 sq miles
Number of Counties 100
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Georgia, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Highest Point Mount Mitchell, 6,684 feet
National Parks Great Smoky Mountains National Park
State Population (2015) 10,042,802
State Population Density 206.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 252, 336, 704, 828, 910, 919, 980, 984
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Charlotte (731,424) 
Raleigh (403,892) 
Greensboro (269,666) 
Winston-Salem (229,617) 
Durham (228,330)

Government & Legislature

Statehood November 21, 1789
Electoral Votes 15
State Flag North Carolina State Flag
Governor Official North Carolina Governor Website
U. S. Senators List of U. S. Senators From North Carolina
U. S. Representatives List of U. S. Representatives From North Carolina
State Senators List of North Carolina State Senators
State Representatives List of North Carolina State Representatives
State Government Official Site
State Constitution North Carolina State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Date October 10, 2014
Road Conditions North Carolina Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date March 12, 2001

State Symbols

State Berry Blueberry and strawberry
State Bird Cardinal
State Beverage Milk
State Boat Shad Boat
State Butterfly Eastern tiger swallowtail
State Carnivorous Plant Venus flytrap
State Christmas Tree Fraser fir
State Colors Red and blue
State Dog Plott hound
State Fish Channel bass
State Flower Dogwood
State Folk Dance Clogging
State Freshwater Trout Southern Appalachian brook trout
State Frog Pine barrens treefrog
State Fruit Grape
State Horse Colonial Spanish mustang
State Insect Honeybee
State Mammal Gray squirrel
State Marsupial Virginia opossom
State Mineral Gold
State Motto Esse quam videri (To be, rather than to seem)
State Nickname Tar Heel State
State Popular Dance Shag
State Pottery Birthplace Seagrove area
State Reptile Eastern box turtle
State Rock Granite
State Salamander Marbled salamander
State Shell Scotch bonnet
State Song "The Old North State"
State Stone Emerald
State Tree Pine
State Toast The Tar Heel toast
State Vegetable Sweet potato
State Wildflower Carolina lily

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams NFL: Carolina Panthers
NBA: Charlotte Hornets
NHL: Carolina Hurricanes
NCAA Division I Schools Appalachian State University (Sun Belt) 
Campbell University (Big South) 
Davidson College (Atlantic 10) 
Duke University (ACC) 
East Carolina University (American Athletic) 
Elon University (Colonial Athletic Association) 
Gardner–Webb University (Big South) 
High Point University (Big South) 
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (Mid-Eastern Athletic) 
University of North Carolina at Asheville (Big South) 
North Carolina Central University (Mid-Eastern Athletic) 
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (ACC) 
University of North Carolina at Charlotte (Conference USA) 
University of North Carolina at Greensboro (Southern) 
North Carolina State University (ACC) 
University of North Carolina at Wilmington (Colonial Athletic Association) 
Wake Forest University (ACC) 
Western Carolina University (Southern)

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In North Carolina

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Kary B. Mullis (Chemistry, 1993)
  • Daniel L. McFadden (Economic Sciences, 2000)

United States Presidents

  • James K. Polk (11th President)
  • Andrew Johnson (17th President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Bobby Bell (Linebacker, Defensive End. Inducted in 1983)
  • Sonny Jurgensen (Quarterback. Inducted in 1983)
  • Joe Gibbs (Coach. Inducted in 1996)
  • Dwight Stephenson (Center. Inducted in 1998)
  • Carl Eller (Defensive End. Inducted in 2004)
  • Bruce Matthews (Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 2007)
  • Charlie Sanders (Tight End. Inducted in 2007)
  • Chris Hanburger (Linebacker. Inducted in 2011)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Luke Appling (Shortstop. Inducted in 1964)
  • Buck Leonard (First Baseman. Inducted in 1972)
  • Rick Ferrell (Catcher. Inducted in 1984)
  • Hoyt Wilhelm (Pitcher. Inducted in 1985)
  • Enos Slaughter (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1985)
  • Catfish Hunter (Pitcher. Inducted in 1987)
  • Gaylord Perry (Pitcher. Inducted in 1991)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Walt Bellamy (Center. Inducted in 1993)
  • Sam Jones (Guard. Inducted in 1984)
  • Bob McAdoo (Center-Forward. Inducted in 2000)
  • David Thompson (Guard-Forward. Inducted in 1996)
  • James Worthy (Forward. Inducted in 2003)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Andy Griffith
  • Julianne Moore
  • Mary Elizabeth Winstead

Famous Singers

  • Tori Amos
  • Alicia Bridges
  • Nina Simone
  • Randy Travis

North Carolina Fun Facts

  • The Carolina colony was established by British and it was split in 1729 into North and South Carolina as it was deemed to big to govern effectively. Carolina is named after King Charles I of England. Carolus is Latin for Charles.
  • The Wright brothers completed the first successful flight of a mechanically propelled airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903.
  • Pepsi was developed in 1893 by Caleb Bradham and introduced as "Brad's Drink" in New Bern, North Carolina. It was renamed Pepsi in 1898, named after the digestive enzyme pepsin and kola nuts used in the recipe.
  • The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in Buxton, North Carolina, is the tallest lighthouse in the United States at 193 feet.
  • North Carolina is the largest producer of sweet potatoes in the United States.
  • The first English child born in America, Virginia Dare, was born in Roanoke Island, North Carolina, in 1587.
  • High Point is known as the Furniture Capital of the World.
  • Krispy Kreme Doughnut was founded in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, on July 13, 1937.
  • North Carolina is the only state with an official State Christmas Tree: Fraser fir.

This page was last updated on October 01, 2017.

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