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Texas Geography & Demographics

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Texas Location In The US Texas State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Texas. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:



Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation TX
State Capital Austin
State Size Total (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles
Number of Counties 254
Time Zones Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Highest Point Guadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet
National Parks Big Bend National Park 
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
State Population (2015) 27,469,114
State Population Density 104.9 people / square mile
Area Codes 210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Houston (2,145,146) 
San Antonio (1,359,758) 
Dallas (1,223,229) 
Austin (820,611) 
Fort Worth (758,738)

Government & Legislature

Statehood December 29, 1845
Electoral Votes 38
State Flag Texas State Flag
Governor Official Texas Governor Website
U. S. Senators List of U. S. Senators From Texas
U. S. Representatives List of U. S. Representatives From Texas
State Senators List of Texas State Senators
State Representatives List of Texas State Representatives
State Government Official Site
State Constitution Texas State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Date June 26, 2015
Road Conditions Texas Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date June 1, 2004

State Symbols

State 10K Texas Round-Up 10K
State Air Force Commemorative Air Force
State Amphibian Texas toad
State Aquarium Texas State Aquarium
State Bird Mockingbird
State Bison Herd Texas state bison herd at Caprock Canyons State Park
State Bluebonnet City Ennis
State Bluebonnet Festival Cappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival
State Bluebonnet Trail Ennis
State Bread Pan de campo
State Cobbler Peach cobbler
State Cooking Implement Cast iron Dutch oven
State Crustacean Texas Gulf shrimp
State Dinosaur Paluxysaurus jonesi
State Dish Chili
State Dog Breed Blue lacy
State Domino Game 42
State Epic Poem Legend of Old Stone Ranch
State Fiber and Fabric Cotton
State Fish Guadalupe bass
State Flower Bluebonnet
State Flower Song "Bluebonnets"
State Flying Mammal Mexican free-tailed bat
State Folk Dance Square dance
State Footwear Cowboy boot
State Fruit Texas red grapefruit
State Gem Texas blue topaz
State Gemstone Cut Lone star cut
State Grass Sideoats grama
State Hat Cowboy hat
State Health Nut Pecan
State Horse American quarter horse
State Insect Monarch butterfly
State Large Mammal Longhorn
State Longhorn Herd Foundation Herd of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
State Maritime Museum Texas Maritime Museum
State Motto Friendship
State Music Western Swing
State Musical Instrument Guitar
State Native Pepper Chiltepin
State Native Shrub Texas purple sage
Nickname Lone Star State
State Pastry Sopaipilla and strudel
State Pepper Jalapeno
State Pie Pecan pie
State Plant Prickly pear cactus
State Play "The Lone Star", "Texas", "Beyond The Sundown", "Fandangle"
State Pollinator Western honey bee
State Precious Metal Silver
State Reptile Texas horned lizard
State Rodeo Drill Team Ghostriders
State Salt Water Fish Red drum
State Sea Turtle Kemp's ridley sea turtle
State Shell Lightning whelk
State Ship U.S.S. Texas
State Shrub Crape myrtle
State Small Mammal Armadillo
State Snack Tortilla chips and salsa
State Song "Texas, Our Texas"
State Sport Rodeo
State Squash Pumpkin
State Stone Petrified palmwood
State Tall Ship Elissa
State Tree Pecan
State Vegetable Sweet onion
State Vehicle Chuck wagon
State Waterlily Nymphaea Texas dawn

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Houston Astros, Texas Rangers
NFL: Houston Texans, Dallas Cowboys
NBA: Houston Rockets, Dallas Mavericks, San Antonio Spurs
NHL: Dallas Stars
NCAA Division I Schools Baylor University (Big 12) 
University of Houston (American Athletic) 
Houston Baptist University (Southland) 
Lamar University (Southland) 
University of North Texas (Conference USA) 
Prairie View A&M University (Southwestern Athletic) 
Rice University (Conference USA) 
Sam Houston State University (Southland) 
Southern Methodist University (American Athletic) 
Stephen F. Austin State University (Southland) 
Texas A&M University (SEC) 
Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi (Southland) 
University of Texas at Arlington (Sun Belt) 
University of Texas at Austin (Big 12) 
Texas Christian University (Big 12) 
University of Texas at El Paso (Conference USA) 
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (WAC) 
University of Texas at San Antonio (Conference USA) 
Texas Southern University (Southwestern Athletic) 
Texas State University (Sun Belt) 
Texas Tech University (Big 12)

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Texas

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Robert Woodrow Wilson (Physics, 1978)
  • Bruce Merrifield (Chemistry, 1984)
  • E. Donnall Thomas (Physiology or Medicine, 1990)
  • Robert F. Curl Jr. (Chemistry, 1996)

United States Presidents

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower (34th President)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (36th President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Sammy Baugh (Quarterback, Defensive Back, Punter. Inducted in 1963)
  • Bulldog Turner (Center, Linebacker. Inducted in 1966)
  • Bobby Layne (Quarterback, Kicker. Inducted in 1967)
  • Y. A. Tittle (Quarterback. Inducted in 1971)
  • Ollie Matson (Halfback. Inducted in 1972)
  • Raymond Berry (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1973)
  • Tony Canadeo (Halfback. Inducted in 1974)
  • Dick "Night Train" Lane (Cornerback. Inducted in 1974)
  • Forrest Gregg (Offensive Tackle, Offensive Guard. Inducted in 1977)
  • Lance Alworth (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1978)
  • Yale Lary (Safety, Punter, Returner. Inducted in 1979)
  • Bob Lilly (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1980)
  • Charley Taylor (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1984)
  • Ken Houston (Safety. Inducted in 1986)
  • Doak Walker (Halfback, Kicker. Inducted in 1986)
  • Joe Greene (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1987)
  • Don Maynard (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1987)
  • Gene Upshaw (Guard. Inducted in 1987)
  • Tom Landry (Coach. Inducted in 1990)
  • Earl Campbell (Running Back. Inducted in 1991)
  • Jimmy Johnson (Cornerback. Inducted in 1994)
  • Mel Renfro (Cornerback, Safety. Inducted in 1996)
  • Mike Haynes (Cornerback. Inducted in 1997)
  • Mike Singletary (Linebacker. Inducted in 1998)
  • Eric Dickerson (Running Back. Inducted in 1999)
  • Thurman Thomas (Running Back. Inducted in 2007)
  • Darrell Green (Cornerback. Inducted in 2008)
  • Emmitt Thomas (Cornerback. Inducted in 2008)
  • John Randle (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 2010)
  • Michael Strahan (Defensive End. Inducted in 2014)
  • Tim Brown (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 2015)
  • LaDainian Tomlinson (Running Back. Inducted in 2017)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Tris Speaker (Center Fielder. Inducted in 1937)
  • Rogers Hornsby (Second Baseman. Inducted in 1942)
  • Ross Youngs (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1972)
  • Ernie Banks (Shortstop. Inducted in 1977)
  • Eddie Mathews (Third Baseman. Inducted in 1978)
  • Frank Robinson (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1982)
  • Joe Morgan (Second Baseman. Inducted in 1990)
  • Bill Foster (Pitcher. Inducted in 1996)
  • Willie Wells (Shortstop. Inducted in 1997)
  • Nolan Ryan (Pitcher. Inducted in 1999)
  • Joe Williams (Pitcher. Inducted in 1999)
  • Hilton Smith (Pitcher. Inducted in 2001)
  • Biz Mackey (Catcher. Inducted in 2006)
  • Louis Santop (Catcher. Inducted in 2006)
  • Andy Cooper (Pitcher. Inducted in 2006)
  • Greg Maddux (Pitcher. Inducted in 2014)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Zelmo Beaty (Center. Inducted in 2016)
  • K.C. Jones (Guard. Inducted in 1989)
  • Slater Martin (Guard. Inducted in 1982)
  • Slater Martin (Guard. Inducted in 1982)
  • Bill Sharman (Guard. Inducted in 1976)
  • Sheryl Swoopes (Guard. Inducted in 2016)

Hockey Hall Of Fame Members

  • Brian Leetch (Defense. Inducted in 2009)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Joan Crawford
  • Jamie Foxx
  • Woody Harrelson
  • Matthew McConaughey
  • Sissy Spacek
  • Forest Whitaker
  • Robin Wright

Famous Singers

  • Erykah Badu
  • Beyonce
  • Buddy Holly
  • Janis Joplin
  • Meat Loaf
  • Johnny Mathis
  • Willie Nelson
  • Roy Orbison
  • Kenny Rogers
  • Jessica Simpson
  • George Strait
  • Barry White

Texas Fun Facts

  • The name Texas came from the Caddo Indian word tejas, meaning "friends" or "allies."
  • Texas has highest highway speed limit in the United States. A stretch of toll road between Austin and San Antonio permits drivers to go 85 miles per hour.
  • Texas produces more crude oil and natural gas than any other state in the United States.
  • Bracken Cave in Comal County, Texas, is the summer home to the largest colony of bats in the world. An estimated 20 million Mexican free-tailed bats roost in the cave from March to October every year.
  • Dr. Pepper was invented in Waco, Texas, by Charles Alderton in 1885.
  • Astrodome was first multi-purpose domed stadium in the world. It was built in Houston and opened in 1965.
  • The 567.31-foot San Jacinto Monument in Harris County, Texas, is world’s tallest war memorial. The star at the top of the monument weighs 220 tons.
  • The Tyler Municipal Rose Garden in Tyler, Texas, is the largest rose garden in the United States.
  • Texas was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845.
  • Texas is the only state with an official State Domino Game: 42.
  • On December 7, 1982, the first person executed by lethal injection occurred in Texas.

This page was last updated on October 01, 2017.

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